The Leviticus and other small Early Hebrew fragments found in the Dead Sea caves, which are probably from the 3rd century bce, are the only remains of what is considered to be the Early Hebrew book, or literary, hand. Today, three different styles of cursive writing are taught in German schools, the Lateinische Ausgangsschrift [ de ] introduced inthe Schulausgangsschrift [ de ]and the Vereinfachte Old german writing alphabet in cursive [ de ] The North Semitic alphabet remained almost unaltered for many centuries.
Among these scripts, which were directly or mainly indirectly adapted to non-Semitic languages from the Aramaic alphabet, are: Cursive handwriting developed into something approximating its current form from the 17th century, but its use was neither uniform, nor standardized either in England itself or elsewhere in the British Empire.
It was used officially until the 6th century bce and lingered on for several centuries more. This was the invention of a consonantal writing system known as North Semitic.
The Greek alphabet, created early in the 1st millennium bce, spread in various directions in Asia MinorEgypt, Italy, and other places, but far and away its most important descendants in terms of widespread use were the Latin through Etruscan and Cyrillic alphabets.
The Greek alphabet As in so many other things, the importance of the ancient Greeks in the history of the alphabet is paramount. Another hypothesisthe Ugaritic theory, evolved after an epoch-making discovery in and the years following at the site of the ancient Ugariton the Syrian coast opposite the most easterly cape of Cyprus.
These offshoots, which took root in Sri LankaMyanmar BurmaThailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines, were again the result of the spreading of a religion— Buddhism —in this case by missionaries.
Others hold that the alphabet follows the flag; that is, that the diffusion of an alphabet results from political and military conquests by the people who use it.
Theories explaining diffusion There is no complete agreement among scholars as to how or why certain alphabets have come to dominate much of the world. Only 12 percent of teachers reported having taken a course in how to teach it.
It was motivated by the claim that cursive instruction was more difficult than it needed to be: Latin was original written either from right to left, left to right, or alternating between those two directions boustrophedon.
With their design, it was guaranteed that the ink would not smudge, as it would with the earlier design of pen, and it no longer required the careful penmanship one would use with the older design of pen.
The ascendancy of Latin led to the adoption of the Latin Roman alphabet by a large majority of nations; it became used for tongues of the most diverse linguistic groups, not only in Europe but in all other parts of the world as well.
Anglo-Saxon Charters typically include a boundary clause written in Old English in a cursive script. Still others hold that the alphabet follows trade or religion.
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Source and more information: Only very few inscriptions have been found in Phoenicia proper. Moreover, the North Semitic languages, based as they are on a consonantal root i. The Anglo-Saxons adopted the styles of script used by Irish missionaries, such as Insular half-uncial, which was used for books in Latin.
Among the various other theories concerning the alphabet are the hypotheses that the alphabet was taken by the Philistines from Crete to Palestine, that the various ancient scripts of the Mediterranean countries developed from prehistoric geometric symbols employed throughout the Mediterranean area from the earliest times, and that the proto-Sinaitic inscriptions discovered since in the Sinai Peninsula represent a stage of writing intermediate between the Egyptian hieroglyphics and the North Semitic alphabet.
To the south of the Fertile Crescent, the Sabaeans, a South Arabian people also Semites, though South Semitesattained a position of wealth and importance as commercial intermediaries between the East and the Mediterranean.
In the English colonies of the early 17th century, most of the letters are clearly separated in the handwriting of William Bradfordthough a few were joined as in a cursive hand. See also Dead Sea Scrolls.
Despite the conflict in theories, scholars are generally agreed that, for about years before the middle of the 2nd millennium bce, alphabet making was in the air in the Syro-Palestinian region.
Egyptian writingcuneiformCretan, hieroglyphic Hittite, the Cypriot syllabaryand other scripts have all been called prototypes of the alphabet.
Offshoots from the South Semitic branch include the Minaean, Himyaritic, Qatabanic, and Hadhramautic alphabets in southern Arabia, and Thamudene, Dedanite, and Safaitic alphabets in the northern part of the peninsula. That they manifest closely related efforts is certain; what the exact relationship among these efforts was, and what their relationship with the North Semitic alphabet was, cannot be said with certainty.
Notes This is one version of the Ancient Latin alphabet. In the early days[ when?Hebrew alphabet: Hebrew alphabet, either of two distinct Semitic alphabets—the Early Hebrew and the Classical, or Square, Hebrew. Writing Systems.
The native writing systems of Ancient Egypt used to record the Egyptian language include both the Egyptian hieroglyphs and Hieratic from Protodynastic times, the 13th century BC cursive variants of the hieroglyphs which became popular, then the latest Demotic script developed from Hieratic, from BC onward.
The Latin, or Roman, alphabet was originally adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC to write Latin.
Since then it has had many different forms, and been adapted to write many other languages. According to Roman legend, the Cimmerian Sibyl, Carmenta, created the Latin alphabet. Old English was the West Germanic language spoken in the area now known as England between the 5th and 11th centuries.
Speakers of Old English called their language Englisc, themselves Angle, Angelcynn or Angelfolc and their home Angelcynn or Englaland. Old English began to appear in writing.
Kurrent is an old form of German-language handwriting based on late medieval cursive writing, also known as Kurrentschrift, Alte Deutsche Schrift ("old German script") and German mi-centre.com the history of its use into the first part of the 20th century, many individual letters acquired variant forms.
German writers used both cursive styles, Kurrent and English cursive, in parallel: location. Roman cursive is a form of handwriting (or a script) used in ancient Rome and to some extent into the Middle mi-centre.com is customarily divided into old (or ancient) cursive, and new cursive.
Old Roman cursive, also called majuscule cursive and capitalis cursive, was the everyday form of handwriting used for writing letters, by merchants writing business accounts, by schoolchildren learning the.Download