The lake shores are white due to the salt The atacama desert essay the soil, adding yet another color. See Article History Alternative Title: They may survive by growing roots that are very near the surface to absorb the rain that may fall before it evaporates.
The largest hot desert in the world is the Sahara in North Africa. It is almost as large as Europe or the United States. The Chilean salt flats feel very different to the other two. An ice cap can be a cold desert that remains below freezing all year-round. Sandstorms are common in large, dusty deserts.
Animals and plants[ change change source ] There are not many animals in the desert, but some animals are able to survive. The development of synthetic methods of fixing nitrogen have since reduced the market to a regional one.
The vast salt flats, the Salar de Atacama, are actually the third largest salt flats in the world, after the nearby Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia and the Salinas Grandes across the Andes in Argentina.
Several saline outcrops have been carved into naturally sculptured statues by wind and time. Rain[ change change source ] It does rain in the desert, but not often. Like those flamingos… and the lizards… … and also the fact that instead of an almost blinding white salt, the salt flats here are made up of big chunks of grayish salt rocks and boulders sticking up out of the ground.
For much of the 19th century, the desert was the object of conflicts among Chile, Bolivia, and Peru because of its mineral resources, particularly sodium nitrate deposits located northeast of Antofagasta and inland from Iquique.
Some rain passes straight into the dry soil, but the rest may form a temporary river. On one all-day tour, it was incredible to watch the landscape change from dry sand to deep volcanic lakes to the shallow waters on top of the salt flats, where hundreds of pink flamingos pecked their way across the water in search of food.
The coastal chain hovers around 5, feet 1, metres or so in elevation with individual peaks reaching to 6, feet 2, metres. Wadisstream channels that are normally dry, can quickly fill after heavy rain, causing a flash flood. To the north the desert continues to the border of Peru.
There are smoking volcanoes, canyons and gorges, hot springs and remote desert villages with houses made of volcanic rock — for a desert, there is actually much more diversity than you might expect.
Like other desert animals, the camel loses little water in its wastes urine and faeces. A sandstorm can move whole sand dunes. The driest desert in the world is the Atacama Desert in South America. It is also among the barest and bleakest sceneries we have ever seen.
There are a number of international telescopes in the desert owned or partially owned by several countries from around the world. Examples of animals that live in hot deserts are lizards, small rodents, snakesand camels. Other regions of the world have cold deserts too, for instance high altitude areas like the Himalayas.
The geyser field is among the highest-elevation geyser fields in the world and consists of around 80 geysers! Here there are more animals, it seems. The crystal The atacama desert essay skies are one of the most famous features of the Atacama Desert — on over days of the year there are no clouds whatsoever.
Hot deserts[ change change source ] Hot deserts are mostly in the subtropics. In the interior a raised depression extends north and south and forms the high Tamarugal Plain at an elevation of more than 3, feet metres.
They have different ways to survive the intense conditions of the desert. Farther to the east in the western outliers of the Andes, preceded by the Cordillera Domeykothere are numerous volcanic cones, some exceeding 16, feet 4, metres in elevation.
Dry subsidence created by the South Pacific high-pressure cell makes the desert one of the driest regions in the world. Atacama DesertAtacama Desert, Chile. Copper mining in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile. Temperatures in the desert are relatively low compared with those in similar latitudes elsewhere.
When we finally reach the village, we are surprised to see that is actually quite green — a lush oasis in the middle of this desolated part of Chile.The Atacama Desert Essay - The Atacama Desert Abstract Exclusive of the largest mountain ranges and oceans, earth’s most well-known physical features are its great desert regions.
The word desert often conjures up ideas of open expanses of sand and towering dunes blown by perpetual wind and dust storms.
The Atacama Desert forms one of the major hyper-arid deserts of the world and it is known to be the driest place on Earth. The extreme aridity of the climate and unusual mineralogy of the regolith in the Atacama region is of considerable interest because of its value as an analogue to the Martian surface.
Mar 18, · The Atacama Desert in northern Chile — the setting of Patricio Guzmán’s transfixing cinematic essay “Nostalgia for the Light” — is a place where heaven and earth converge. Or some might. The Atacama Desert Abstract Exclusive of the largest mountain ranges and oceans, earth’s most well-known physical features are its great desert regions.
Sandwiched between the Pacific and the Andes, the incredible landscape of Chile’s remote Atacama Desert is like no place on earth.
With its jagged, rust-colored ravines, vast, rocky, white salt pan and volcano-topped horizons, you would be forgiven for drawing comparisons with places beyond our atmosphere.
Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, to miles (1, to 1, km) long from north to south.
Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins.Download