The em spectrum

By using telescopes sensitive to different wavelength ranges of the spectrum, astronomers get a glimpse into a wide variety of objects and phenomena in the universe. UV rays in The em spectrum middle range can irreparably damage the complex DNA molecules in the cells producing thymine dimers making it a very potent mutagen.

Radio frequency Main articles: Red has the longest wavelength, and violet the shortest. From dark nebulae to exploding stars, it reveals an otherwise invisible universe.

Electromagnetic spectrum

The distinction between X-rays and gamma rays is partly based on sources: The wavelengths are roughly the size of a large virus: Visible light and near-infrared light is typically absorbed and emitted by electrons in molecules and atoms that move from one energy level to another.

However, there are certain wavelength ranges "windows" within the opaque range that allow partial transmission, and can be used for astronomy.

Terahertz radiation Terahertz radiation is a region of the spectrum between far infrared and microwaves. The radio waves carry the information across The em spectrum to a receiver, where they are received by an antenna and the information extracted by demodulation in the receiver.

Unlike higher frequency waves such as infrared and light which are absorbed mainly at surfaces, microwaves can penetrate into materials and deposit their energy below the surface.

Sunburnfor example, is caused by the disruptive effects of middle range UV radiation on skin cellswhich is the main cause of skin cancer.

The electromagnetic (EM) spectrum

The em spectrum This action allows the chemical mechanisms that underlie human vision and plant photosynthesis. Because wavelength correlates with energy, the color of a star tells us how hot it is: Short wavelength UV and the shorter wavelength radiation above it X-rays and gamma rays are called ionizing radiationand exposure to them can damage living tissue, making them a health hazard.

Radio waves are extremely widely used to transmit information across distances in radio communication systems such as radio broadcastingtelevisiontwo way radiosmobile phonescommunication satellitesand wireless networking.

Many astronomical gamma ray sources such as gamma ray bursts are known to be too energetic in both intensity and wavelength to be of nuclear origin. By using large infrared telescopes, astronomers have been able to peer through the dust lanes of the Milky Way into the core of our galaxy.

The larger the frequency, the smaller the wavelength — and vice versa. At most wavelengths, however, the information carried by electromagnetic radiation is not directly detected by human senses. But the light to which our eyes are sensitive is just the beginning; it is a sliver of the total amount of light that surrounds us.

Terahertz radiation Main article: One notable use is diagnostic X-ray imaging in medicine a process known as radiography. The higher energy shortest wavelength ranges of UV called "vacuum UV" are absorbed by nitrogen and, at longer wavelengths, by simple diatomic oxygen in the air.

When viewing distant galaxies with UV telescopes, most of the stars and gas disappear, and all the stellar nurseries flare into view. Microwaves are the main wavelengths used in radarand are used for satellite communicationand wireless networking technologies such as Wifialthough this is at intensity levels unable to cause thermal heating.

The electromagnetic waves your eyes detect — visible light — oscillates between and terahertz THz. Scientists are also looking to apply terahertz technology in the armed forces, where high-frequency waves might be directed at enemy troops to incapacitate their electronic equipment.

Electromagnetic Spectrum

From radio waves to gamma rays, most of the light in the universe is, in fact, invisible to us! See ultraviolet for more information. UV is the longest wavelength radiation whose photons are energetic enough to ionize atoms, separating electrons from them, and thus causing chemical reactions.

This range is sometimes called the fingerprint region, since the mid-infrared absorption spectrum of a compound is very specific for that compound.Nov 14,  · The Electromagnetic Spectrum The electromagnetic (EM) spectrum is the range of all types of EM radiation. Radiation is energy that travels and spreads out as it goes – the visible light that comes from a lamp in your house and the radio waves that come from a radio station are two types of electromagnetic radiation.

Jul 21,  · The Electromagnetic Spectrum. As it was explained in the Introductory Article on the Electromagnetic Spectrum, electromagnetic radiation can be described as a stream of photons, each traveling in a wave-like pattern, carrying energy and moving at the speed of light.

The electromagnetic spectrum The electromagnetic spectrum is a continuous range of wavelengths. The types of radiation that occur in different parts of the spectrum have different uses and dangers - depending on their wavelength and frequency.

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Electromagnetic spectrum, the entire distribution of electromagnetic radiation according to frequency or wavelength. Although all electromagnetic waves travel at the speed of light in a vacuum, they do so at a wide range of frequencies, wavelengths, and photon energies.

Electromagnetic Spectrum: The electromagnetic spectrum covers a wide range of wavelengths and photon energies. Light used to "see" an object must have a wavelength about the same size as or smaller than the object.

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies. The electromagnetic spectrum covers electromagnetic waves with frequencies ranging from below one hertz to above 10 25 hertz, corresponding to wavelengths from thousands .

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The em spectrum
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